Fever - Couses, Temperature, Symptoms, Precautions and Home remedies

 We have all called in sick at work or school, at least a few times in our life. Whether we like it or not, we have all suffered from fever. But, do you know what really causes fever and what happens when we have a fever?

Starting from being God’s way to deal with sinners to being a genetic defect, we have heard all the myths related to the causes of fever. In our childhood, many of us even believedit to be true.
However, as we grew older and became morereasonable we learned that could not have been the truth.

Fever starts with our brain, the organ that makes our entire body work. There is a part of our brain known as the hypothalamus, which controls our body temperature. In normal conditions, hypothalamus maintains the body temperature at 98.6° Fahrenheit or 37° Celcius.

It is hard to understand. Let's take an example, Imagine your body is a machine, which operatesproperly at a particular temperature. This means, it can neither too hot nor too cold. There is a person sitting in the control room of that machine and she/he is maintaining the temperature of that machine.
That is exactly what the hypothalamus does to your body.

Your body is constantly working, even when you are resting. Your heart is pumping blood, your blood is circulating throughout your body and your lungs are inhaling and exhaling air constantly your body is very busy maintaining a particular temperature during all this work. But, at times the hypothalamus increases thetemperature of the body. This is what we know in general terms as fever. This is why you get a fever.

Why hypothalamus increase the body temperature ?

Hypothalamus usually does this to protectus from bacteria. Thus, saving us from a major disease. Here are some examples when it increases body temperature.

Cold invites more germs to the body. When we have a cold, our immune system lowers and makes our body vulnerable to diseases. A prolonged state of such a scenario may cause major infections.

Infections, brings us to the second point. Gastroenteritis This is one of the major infections of very important organs in our body, the stomach and the intestines. Usually, this issue is caused by bacterial toxins, but at times, the infection might be viral. If the infection is left alone then it maylead to diarrhea. Other Infections Ever had an infection on your ear and thatled to fever.

The hypothalamus does fever to us and not even infections of the ear, lung, skin, throat, bladder, and kidneys are left unchecked. In case of all these scenarios, a spike inbody temperature is normal as the hypothalamus is actually trying to neutralize the infection.

Side Effects of Medication for Fever -
Remember the time you overdosed yourself with pain killer because you thought that the pain was too unbearable. After that, you got diagnosed with fever. This is because your body did not require the overdose of that prescribed drug and because of the overdose, your body may grow weak and vulnerable to infection caused by bacteria or any form of virus.

Blood Clots
   This one explains it self, blood clots usually happen when you get injured to prevent spills. However, they can also form when they are not needed and cause strokes or even heart strokes. hypothalamus saviour helps us out one more time with its ingenious temperature control technique.

Autoimmune diseases and Hormone disorders 
  Our in-body protector can not do much if we have an autoimmune disease such as lupus or inflammatory bowel disease.

Similarly, it cannot do much when you have hormone disorders such as hyperthyroidism. So, it does the best it can do, but it buys you enough time for the medicines to do their work. Just make sure you do not overdose yourself.

Cancer
Sometimes the infection stays and leads to cancer. You see, this is what the hypothalamus was trying to avoid all this time. Even when you have cancer, it raises the temperatureto kill the infection. However, this is yet another unsuccessful attempt from the hypothalamus as it cannot cure cancer on its own.

Let's under stand with an example, Imagine you are on your way to work in public transport, you unknowingly contract a viral or bacterial infection. This infection has the ability to cause major diseases.
  This is when your white blood cells form a two-way defense, one group fights the infection with the body’s own good bacteria and theother goes to the brain to inform it of the recent development.

The information is received and our protagonist hypothalamus goes to work.

Bacteria and viruses need a suitable temperature to survive, they cannot handle too much cold and too much heat. The Hypothalamus increases the body temperature while the immune system fights of the remnants of the infection. Fever often weakens the immune system and make us vulnerable to different sorts of diseases. 

Home Remedies for Fever :

• one of the best options is always to sweat a lot and wipe the sweat with a towel. This regulates the body temperature, does not allow the infection to settle down and helps the antibodies to do their work- fight the infection. So yes, perspiration is good as long as you do not let the sweat settle down.

• Drink lots of water to keep boosting your body’s metabolism. However, in case you have a very high fever, we would recommend you to go to a doctor, who knows a thing or two about how a human body actually works. Depending upon the degree of fever, you will be prescribed to mild or strong medicated drugs. Usually, antibiotics will be prescribed for any form of bacterial infection or even strep throat.

In case of very high fever, stronger medicines are often prescribed. However, these medicines may have their own side-effects. Hence, often a regulated dosage is prescribed. However, in the case of children and teenagers, aspirin is avoided as it is linked to a condition called REYS’s syndrome.

Similarly, in the case of other forms of fever-related medication, it is often recommended that children and teenagers are given milder dosages. A lot of children might even have an allergic reaction to antibiotics, in such a scenario, antibiotics should be avoided.

So, remember to tell your doctor before she/he prescribes medicine for your child. People with issues such as migraine, sinus, or any form of breathing problems should be given milder doses of antibiotics to avoid any form of side-effects.